The child will engage with the stranger when the caregiver is present, and may be visibly upset when the caregiver departs but happy to see the caregiver on his or her return. In conclusion, the most complete explanation of why children develop different attachment types would be an interactionist theory.
Here children adopt an ambivalent behavioral style towards the attachment figure. Focusing just on maternal sensitivity when trying to explain why children have different attachment types is, therefore, a reductionist approach.
An overview of the assessment of attachment. Also, despite its manifest strengths, the procedure is based on just 20 minutes of behavior. It was carried out in the s. Mediators of attachment state of mind and adjustment in later late adolescence.
Such children are likely to have a caregiver who is insensitive and rejecting of their needs Ainsworth, Anxious-avoidant, insecure A [ edit ] A child with the anxious-avoidant insecure attachment pattern will avoid or ignore the caregiver, showing little emotion when the caregiver departs or returns.
This means that it lacks validity, as it does not measure a general attachment style, but instead an attachment style specific to the mother. Behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar. Parent and infant are alone. The child fails to develop any feelings of security from the attachment figure.
Child development, 68 4 Accordingly, they exhibit difficulty moving away from the attachment figure to explore novel surroundings. Parent enters, greets infant, and picks up infant; stranger leaves conspicuously. Attachment and emotional regulation during mother-teen problem-solving.
However, the infants may experience unnecessary distress which is unethical.
Although, as Melhuish suggests, the Strange Situation is the most widely used method for assessing infant attachment to a caregiver, Lamb et al. Insecure ambivalent attached infants are associated with inconsistent primary care. Also, according to Marronealthough the Strange Situation has been criticized for being stressful, it is simulating everyday experiences, as mothers do leave their babies for brief periods of time in different settings and often with unfamiliar people such as babysitters.
Child Development, 64, Insecure Avoidant Insecure avoidant children do not orientate to their attachment figure while investigating the environment.
A control theory analysis. Ainsworth and colleagues sometimes observed "tense movements such as hunching the shoulders, putting the hands behind the neck and tensely cocking the head, and so on.The Strange situation is a procedure devised by Mary Ainsworth in the s to observe attachment relationships between a caregiver and child.
It applies to children between the age of nine and 18 months. MARY AINSWORTH Strange Situation Experiment Hypothesis Amanda Heggan Melissa Davis Generalisations Limitations Results Independent Variable It is predicted that when the mother leaves the child and stranger in the room alone, the child will become distressed and cry out for it's mother and only when the infants mother returns will the.
Within Ainsworth's study, there are Strengths & Weaknesses. Use these in examination questions that ask for an EVALUATION of the 'Strange Situation.' If your teacher has taught you studies that back up these points, do include the name of the psychologists.
The Strange Situation was devised by Ainsworth & Wittig () and was based on Ainsworth’s previous Uganda () and later Baltimore studies (Ainsworth et al.,). Mary Ainsworth's (, ) observational study of individual differences in attachment is described below.
Mary Ainsworth, a psychologist, and her colleagues developed an experiment, known as the Strange Situation, in order to explore and identify attachment types among infants and young children.
Ainsworth Strange Situation Studies The Strange Situation procedure, developed by American psychologist Mary Ainsworth, is widely used in child development research.Download