Farmers and their wives were primarily responsible for planting and harvesting without much, if any, help. The indigo plant was used to make a blue dye much in demand by the English textile industry. Thus, their laws regarding Northern colonies social structure issues were detailed and severe.
In the Chesapeake area, slaveholding was far from universal, and many of the plantations had fewer than twenty slaves. The rather modest houses of even the most prosperous farmers of the seventeenth century had given way to spacious mansions in the eighteenth century.
Rice cultivation expanded in South Carolina and Georgia, and indigo was added around In the Middle Colonies, richer land and a better climate created a small surplus.
Religious leaders had significant influence in local politics. These social classes are posted from top to bottom. The citizens of each town took seriously their personal responsibility to participate in the governance of the town.
The middle colonies like New York were typically royal colonies controlled by royally appointed governors.
These were mostly Puritans who also had strict beliefs of their own about proper conduct, and they disapproved of many customs and behaviors that their English countrymen enjoyed. Social classes were fairly equal, and the only difference between classes were the level of responsibility each had to the community.
One common social activity different classes shared was hunting, with gentry preferring to hunt deer and foxes, while poorer men sought rabbits and fowl. They were large landowners, very wealthy merchants, and financiers. A typical South Carolina planter, on the other hand, might own as many as fifty slaves to work in the rice fields.
Men, women, and children worked from sunup to sundown, with only Sunday to rest. The Navigation Acts, first enacted by Parliament inregulated trade by requiring that goods be shipped on English ships with predominantly English crews and that certain commodities, called enumerated articles, be shipped to only England or its colonies.
Parties and gatherings were the social highlights for the upper class, who benefited from the use of servants in preparing for these events.
They owned huge tracts of land and usually many slaves. On the whole, the New England and Middle Colonies of America in the17th and 18th centuries did not contain widespread nor economicallysignificant slave-holding.
When family members and indentured servants were no longer sufficient for tobacco production, slavery became an important institution safeguarded by the government. The upper class usually consisted of rich planters. A significant percentage of Atlantic shipping was on vessels built in the colonies, and shipbuilding stimulated other crafts, such as the sewing of sails, milling of lumber, and manufacturing of naval stores.
Both in their lifestyles and social pursuits such as horse racingthe southern gentry emulated the English country squire. Though they did not enjoy the same rights as white citizens, these free black men and women owned property, worked in a wide range of skilled jobs, and made significant contributions to their communities.
African or Indian slaves who really had no rights. Then came the white men, who generally owned small farms or businesses and had a family. When the supply of labor outstripped demand, wages fell and the level of unemployment rose.
The colonies were part of an Atlantic trading network that linked them with England, Africa, and the West Indies. At the bottom of the social ladder were slaves and indentured servants; successful planters in the south and wealthy merchants in the north were the colonial elite. Southern Europe was also a valuable market for colonial foodstuffs.
It was hard, backbreaking work. The laws reflected the economic policy known as mercantilism, which held that colonies exist for the benefit of the mother country as a source of raw materials and a market for its manufactured goods.
Free Blacks The British American colonies had a small but important population of free men and women of African descent.
Distinctively, however, the New England colonists were stronglyPuritan at the start:Social life in the southern colonies was based on the strict social class system in place at the time, so activities varied for those colonists who were wealthy versus those who were poor, and for those who were free versus indentured servants or slaves.
With no large cities in the colonies, social. Social Structure New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies Middle Colonies Settlers moved to the middle colonies to set up family farms.
Southern Colonies. Compare the Northern and Southern Colonies in Social, Political, and Economic Structure. Topics: Slavery Baltimore, and Charleston. While the northern colonies developed into shipping centers for furs, timber, and other natural resources, the south developed into an important center for agriculture, with cotton, rice.
The northern and southern colonies differed in the level of public participation in government and in the religious, social and economic factors that influenced policy.
The northern states, particularly those that make up New England, were primarily religious communities. Christianity shaped their. Start studying Characteristics of Colonial Regions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Middle Colonies - Social Standing. Flexible social structure. Large middle class built around artisans, entrepreneurs (business owners), and small farmers.
Colonial Society and Economy. The social structure of the colonies. At the bottom of the social ladder were slaves and indentured servants; successful planters in the south and wealthy merchants in the north were the colonial elite.
In the northern cities, wealth was increasingly concentrated in the hands of the merchants; below them.Download